Growing Edible Mushrooms, a Few Steps
For running a Mushrooms Business
on the initial budget, on the outlet from the area of the investment,
mushroom farms can be started in two ways:
A mushroom farm with a
continuous production, with a daily harvesting.
This is assured by a minimum of four growing rooms.
Depending on the local market there can be cultivated the
agaricus or pleutorus
2. A mushroom farm with 1-2
In this case the retail will take place directly on the
local market. The necessary steps to start a mushroom business
Decide upon the type of
mushrooms you want to cultivate.
This is determined by multiple factors:
area you want to invest in (the local market),
budget you want to allocate to the investment (growing agaricus mushrooms
requires a bigger investment than the pleurotus or shiitake ones).
. 2 Growing system
The growing system can be:
Dutch system of growing mushrooms, system
adopted by the most mushroom farms in the world
the tray system of growing mushrooms,
the growing system on floor (it"s an old
growing system )
The labor force in your area.
Taking into consideration that
mushroom harvesting for retail selling
is manually made, make sure that the area provides you labor force.
. 4 Choose the right location.
A mushroom farm can be placed in:
livestock farms or poultry farms. These buildings require a special hygienic
and insolation to achieve the right technological parameters inside.
In this case the field where the
mushroom farm is to be placed must dispose of the following utilities:
three-phase, access road for lorries, water coming from networks or drilled
well and it mustn't be on a slope.
. 5 Investigate the market.
It is important to know which are
the suppliers and at the same time where you can sell the mushrooms . Calculate
the costs of the provisioning with compost, casing soil,labour costs, energy and study the local
market in order to see the selling prices.
In this way you can establish if the
mushrooms growing can be a successful
business for you or not.
6. The business plan
Like any business, a mushroom farm needs
personnel, energy and fuel expenses, logistics .You will need a business plan
for it . The budget must be established for every stage of the investment
7. The most important thing in a
mushroom farm, for a good start of the business, is the technologist.
Without an experienced technologist you
will have to do more things at the same time: growing mushrooms ,finding customers,selling the production.
An experienced technologist can help you to create a successful business.
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